Wednesday, April 15, 2015

Goy: The Correct Definition: Argument 3

Proposition

All non-Jews do not fit under the category of stam(simply) "goy" in regards to halachah.

Argument 3

I'll show by exclusivity that goyim contain other hilchot associated with them besides that of other non-Jews such as gerim toshavim and therefore all non-Jews are not the same and cannot all be categorized as "goy" or "goyim".

Statement

"If a ben Noach gives charity, we should accept it from him...In contrast, if a goy gives charity, we should accept it from him and give it to the goy poor."

"בן נוח שרצה לעשות מצוה משאר מצוות התורה, כדי לקבל שכר--אין מונעין אותו לעשות אותה כהלכתה. ואם הביא עולה, מקבלין ממנו. נתן צדקה, מקבלין ממנו; וייראה לי שנותנין אותה לעניי ישראל, הואיל והוא ניזון מישראל, ומצוה עליהם להחיותו. אבל הגוי שנתן צדקה--מקבלין ממנו, ונותנין אותה לעניי גויים."

- Hilchot Melachim 10:10

Conclusion

This shows clear juxtaposition between different types of non-Jews. One being "goy" and the other being "bnei Noach". Different hilchot apply to different non-Jew types, therefore all non-Jews are not the same based on the law of exclusivity. We can say that all non-Jews do not fit under the stam "goy" class of people and their respective halachot and rather, there are actually sub-groups of non-Jews each with their respective halachot.

Goy: The Correct Definition: Argument 2

Proposition

All non-Jews do not fit under the category of stam(simply) "goy" in regards to halachah.

Argument 2

I'll show that stam goy cannot study Torah. Bnei Noach can, however, do as many mitzvot as they want. By law of exclusion, I'll show how the stam goy is not the same as bnei Noach.

Statement 1

"A goy who studies Torah is obligated to die"
"גוי שעסק בתורה, חייב מיתה"
 - Hilchot Melachim 10:9

Statement 2

"We should not prevent a ben Noach from doing Torah mitzvot, in order to receive a reward from doing so, provided he performs it as required."
"בן נוח שרצה לעשות מצוה משאר מצוות התורה, כדי לקבל שכר--אין מונעין אותו לעשות אותה כהלכתה."
 - Hilchot Melachim 10:10

Conclusion

Therefore, because bnei Noach can do any mitzvot which would include the study of Torah as defined in Statement 2, we can deduce that they are not the goyim referred to in Statement 1.

Also, by definition, bnei Noach are not idolators, yet we know that stam goyim are, by definition from Argument 1. Therefore, we can say that bnei Noach can study Torah and do any other mitzvot they would like.

Goy: The Correct Definition: Argument 1

Proposition

All non-Jews do not fit under the category of stam(simply) "goy" in regards to halachah.

Argument 1

By the law of exclusion, I'll show that all non-Jews cannot be stam(simple) goyim. Some are called gerim toshavim for instance and therefore have different hilchot(laws) that apply to them as explained in other parts of Mishneh Torah.

Statement 1

The Rambam defines "goy" as an idolator.

"...and any place we say simply 'goy', we mean an idolater."
"וכל מקום שנאמר 'גוי' סתם, הרי זה עובד עבודה זרה..."
 - Hilchot Ma'achalot Assurot 11:8

Reason 1

This is an explicit definition. It doesn't get any clearer than an explicit definition. As people who believe the Mishneh Torah to be true, we can conclude this statement to be true.

Statement 2

The Rambam defines "ger toshav" as not an idolator.

"What is meant by a ger toshav? This is a goy who does not worship idols..."
"איזה הוא גר תושב: זה גוי שקיבל עליו שלא יעבוד עבודה זרה"
 - Hilchot Issurei Bi'ah 14:7

Reason 2

This is another explicit definition. Rambam can define the terms explicitly and then we play by his rules. As people who believe the Mishneh Torah to be true, we can conclude this statement to be true.

Conclusion

Therefore, because stam goyim are idol worshippers by definition, and goyim who forsake idol worshippers are no longer stam goyim, but rather gerim toshavim, then we can say that all non-Jews do not fit under the stam "goy" class of people and their respective halachot and rather, there are actually sub-groups of non-Jews: at least two we know so far just in this argument: goyim(non-Jew idolators) and gerim toshavim(non-Jew non-idolators).

Goy: A Correct Definition

There seems to be much confusion, heart-ache and unavoidable hatred about the Hebrew word: goy. It isn't hard to find Jewish law: halachah, concerning the goy as many seem him today, as the non-Jew or gentile, in a bad light. For instance a Jew is not allowed to save the life of a drowning goy. A Jew is allowed to steal from a goy, hit a goy, and the list goes on.

For the past few hundred years, "Goy" has traditionally meant the "non-Jew" or "gentile", equating all non-Jews to goyim. After studying the Rambam's Mishneh Torah, I'm finding this grossly inaccurate and horrible. God willing, with a simple correction in understanding, we can curtail this hatred and start a huge push toward redemption and world peace where every soul can find their place in Torah.