Wednesday, April 15, 2015

Goy: The Correct Definition: Argument 3

Proposition

All non-Jews do not fit under the category of stam(simply) "goy" in regards to halachah.

Argument 3

I'll show by exclusivity that goyim contain other hilchot associated with them besides that of other non-Jews such as gerim toshavim and therefore all non-Jews are not the same and cannot all be categorized as "goy" or "goyim".

Statement

"If a ben Noach gives charity, we should accept it from him...In contrast, if a goy gives charity, we should accept it from him and give it to the goy poor."

"בן נוח שרצה לעשות מצוה משאר מצוות התורה, כדי לקבל שכר--אין מונעין אותו לעשות אותה כהלכתה. ואם הביא עולה, מקבלין ממנו. נתן צדקה, מקבלין ממנו; וייראה לי שנותנין אותה לעניי ישראל, הואיל והוא ניזון מישראל, ומצוה עליהם להחיותו. אבל הגוי שנתן צדקה--מקבלין ממנו, ונותנין אותה לעניי גויים."

- Hilchot Melachim 10:10

Conclusion

This shows clear juxtaposition between different types of non-Jews. One being "goy" and the other being "bnei Noach". Different hilchot apply to different non-Jew types, therefore all non-Jews are not the same based on the law of exclusivity. We can say that all non-Jews do not fit under the stam "goy" class of people and their respective halachot and rather, there are actually sub-groups of non-Jews each with their respective halachot.

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